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Homeopathy: Theories of Mechanisms



‘…This conference was organised by integrative medicine consultant Lord Kenneth Ward-Atherton alongside the British Homeopathic Association. One of its overarching aims was to explore where some of the brightest, relevant minds were at when it came to looking at the plausibility or otherwise of mechanisms explaining homeopathy’s claimed or proven clinical effects…’


Having introduced his review as above, eAlert of 18.07.18, Dr Robert Verkerk PhD, Founder, scientific & executive director of the Alliance for Natural Health International (ANH-Intl), continues as follows:


‘…Whatever the opponents of homeopathy argue, the clinical effect has been amply demonstrated. Could this new evidence from the science of water reveal a likely, albeit, complex mechanism – or possibly more likely – a series of parallel mechanisms? And could an understanding of these mechanisms provide the missing piece in the logic pathway required to shift the medical establishment’s perceptions about the usefulness of homeopathy for human or animal health?

This kind of sea change is urgently needed if we are to avert the extinction of homeopathy in the NHS, the veterinary sciences and beyond, caused by a lack of appetite among some for the ‘scientific truth’ – regardless of its consequences. And before you ask me to define ‘scientific truth’….I like the following definition:a state of minimum discrepancy between theoretical prediction and observed reality.”


This conclusion, which ends the ANH-Intl Feature: Will homeopathy be saved – before it’s too late?, follows Dr Verkerk’s review of questions posed at the international seminar on the science of water (New Horizons in Water Science’ Evidence for Homeopathy?) held at the Royal Society of Medicine, London, on 14th July 2018.


In his review, Dr Verkerk further writes:


‘…All the presentations were filmed and we will be pointing our readers to them as soon as they become available, which we’re told by the organisers will be in the near future. In the meantime, we have distilled what appear to be some of the most important mechanistic theories that underlay homeopathy. We provide them for you in the chronological order in which they were presented, as follows:


  • Professor Emeritus Brian Josephson(Theory of Condensed Matter, Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge) was awarded his Nobel prize in Physics at the age of 22 for his pioneering work on superconductivity and quantum tunnelling. Fifty-six years on, he set the scene for the conference by suggesting that the current ‘matching’ theory for how two molecules (e.g. bioactive molecules and receptor molecules) communicate is incorrect. He argues that electromagnetic signals and quantum theory provide more likely or at least additional explanations.


  • Professor Luc Montagnierwas co-awarded a Nobel prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2008 for the discovery of HIV. He argues that electromagnetic signals can be transduced in highly diluted aqueous solutions originally containing some bacterial or viral DNA. Montagnier has found that agitation of preparations during their dilution (= succession in homeopathy) was found to be essential for this transduction.


  • Professor Jerry Pollack(Pollack Laboratory, University of Washington, Seattle) showed that water within living systems largely exists not as H2O, but as structured matrices composed of H3O2 molecules (‘exclusion zone water’ or ‘EZ water’, for more information, see separate article) ‘EZ water’: the water that makes us and all other life . This structured water is negatively charged and acts like a battery that can do work within the body. Along with ethanol that can also form exclusion zones, EZ water also has a great capacity to retain information; this could potentially be exploited and could surpass the data storage capacity of today’s silicon ‘chips’.



  • Professor Voeikov also discussed the work of his colleague, Professor Alexander Konovalov(Russian Academy of Sciences). The work suggests that memory could be retained by nano-sized assemblies of water molecules (referred to as ‘nanoassociates’) created around bioactive molecules long after their removal.


  • Adding to the debate, head of the Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Professor Jayesh Bellareexplained that his team are able to detect nanoparticles of the starting materials or their aggregates in even the most diluted homeopathic products (manufactured according to the Homoeopathic Materia Medica). He attributes some of the effects (even if they were electromagnetic or quantum in action) to these nanoparticles…’


Dr Verkerk has since commented (19.07.18):


‘…We need unified hypotheses that can be tested, along the lines of this: orderliness can be imprinted at the quantum level into water, ethanol or other substances and this provides a persistent energetic (e.g. electromagnetic) signal that mediates observed effects. Homeopathy is interesting because it forces society to address the issue in ways that are non-linear and not reductionist, compartmentalised or over-simplistic…’


My thanks to Dr Verkerk and to the ANH-Intl for their permission to copy and quote from the above review.



College of Medicine Lead for Complementary Medicine